Gone are the days when graduating from an engineering institution guaranteeing freshers a secured career in big MNCs. Even if that option is available today, one must consider future trends in IT before starting their career.
“The future depends on what you do today.”Mahatma Gandhi
Ever-expanding AI (Artificial Intelligence), VR (Virtual Reality), and IoT (Internet of things) are going to make many traditional IT jobs irrelevant in near future. Given these circumstances, how does one secure stable and high-paying employment for years to come? Talking about the future, few trends are worth noticing; more and more businesses are going directly to end-consumers via the internet, data is everything, and machines are fast learning.
A recent report from market intelligence firm IDC highlighted just which positions are growing the fastest in the IT sector. Through a global survey of hiring managers in information technology and analysis of nearly two million IT job postings, IDC concluded that skills in cybersecurity, cloud, data analytics, Internet of Things, and converged infrastructure will be of the highest value in near future.
Apart from this, more than five million jobs in information technology are expected to be added globally by 2027. Here are some of the positions to look out for with the best growth potential by 2025.
Machine Learning Engineer
Machine learning engineers are advanced programmers who develop AI machines and systems that can learn and apply knowledge. Skillsets required for this job include knowledge of probability, statistics, and data modeling and applying ML libraries & algorithms written in languages such as C, C++, R, and Python.
Data engineers work closely with data architects (to determine what data management systems are appropriate); whereas, data scientists (to determine which data is needed for analysis). They often wrestle with problems associated with database integration and messy, unstructured data sets.
Going beyond Amazon, engineers working on AWS or Microsoft engineers working on Azure, cloud engineers will develop solutions at scale that are a mix of both in-house technology and outside systems. Amazon Web Services (AWS) certifications can get one of the highest paying jobs in this field, earning an average salary in excess of $100K.
Web Applications Developer
Each year, a record number of businesses bring their offerings to the Internet. Developers use complex languages and scripts to create websites. They can work independently as freelancers or even help big businesses maintain a functional presence online. As the number of products and services online continues to grow, web developers and designers will enjoy increased job opportunities. Responsive web design, user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) skills are a hot commodity in this position.
Investments in AR and VR are expected to grow from $11.4 billion in 2017 to $215 billion in 2021, according to IDC. Combined with the rise of self-driving cars and automation robots, a huge amount of growth in this sector fueling demand for the computer vision engineers.
These professionals build and improve computer vision and machine learning algorithms and analytics to detect, classify, and track objects.
Mobile Applications Developer
Mobile application development is one of the world’s fastest-growing occupations. As smartphones and tablets continue to change the world, the demand for new and innovative mobile apps is growing at an incredible speed.
Video Game Designer
The $100+ billion-dollar gaming industry has more than tripled in size over the last decade. Game designers with mobile development expertise continue to change how video games are played.
The Internet of Things (IoT) industry is booming—in 2017, the number of connected devices in use worldwide will reach 8.4 billion, outnumbering people, according to a recent Gartner report. As connected homes, cars, and offices become more mainstream, more developers are needed to ensure that devices operate properly and securely.
This requires skills to read the data from the sensors connected to the IoT device and send them to the server.
All of these job profiles require a fresher to be proficient in basic computing and networking concepts. Apart from that one shall choose his/her field of interest and start acquiring skillset, work experience accordingly.